Holistic Health

CBD 101

13 Lessons Easy

About this course

According to Wikipedia, "cannabidiol is a phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940. It is one of 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for upto 40% of the plant's extract."

CBD has become one of the most popular forms of alternative medicine. Since its legalization in several states in the US and in many countries all over the world, it is readily available and highly sought after. It is believed to have benefits for both physical and mental health. 

Interestingly enough, there have been few human studies for CBD, and yet a Gallup Survey found that 1 in 7 adults use CBD products [ * ]. 

Many forms of therapy under the alternative medicine umbrella are this way, with science behind the numbers of frequency of use. This tells us there is something to CBD that millions of people find beneficial. 

Before considering CBD, you will want to know what it is, the possible benefits, what it is made from, and how to buy it. Of course, you should speak with your doctor before trying CBD or any other types of alternative therapies to be sure it is safe for you to use. The most crucial first step you can take is openly communication with a doctor and be sure that CBD will not interfere with any of your medications. 

CBD is a strain in the hemp plant that holds beneficial properties that people use all over the world.

  • CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is the strain known for its medicinal properties.
  • It has boomed in the health world, and many people are now adopting it in their daily health care routine.
  • CBD is specifically taken from the hemp plant and not the marijuana plant.
  • Using hemp for products become legal in 2018 and has created a booming industry. The hemp plant contains very little THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive compound in the marijuana plant that causes intoxication. Legally speaking, CBD must contain less than 0.3% of this of this strain to be sold on the market.
  • CBD is incredibly new to the retail world but has been growing rapidly. You can now walk down the street of many American cities and find CBD shops, and other stores that sell CBD products. 
  • Some states still do not socially accept CBD and will not allow hemp to be grown or sold there. Depending on the state you live, you may not have the option to try CBD.

How CBD Differs From Marijuana

According to Harvard Health, “ CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant. While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.” According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential.... To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.

Many people use the word hemp and marijuana interchangeably. They are two entirely different plants and contain different components in them. They have two separate anatomies and are used for different things. In fact, they even look different! Marijuana and cannabis oils do something much different than hemp and CBD oils.

The Marijuana Plant

Unlike the hemp plant, this is a smaller plant that blooms. It is short, stocky, produces flowers, and has a very pungent smell. Every cannabis plant will have a stem and leaves that extend from nodes. Each plant will also have a cola or a cluster of buds at the very top of the plant.

A male cannabis plant will have a pistil which is contained by the stigma that bees can collect from to pollinate the female flowers. The female cannabis flower will have the bract, which is where the bees pollinate.

All cannabis plants will have something called trichomes, which are small odd shaped hairs to protect the plant. This is also the part of the plant that lets off thedistinct “weed-like” smell you associate with cannabis.

The trichome is also responsible for many other terpenes, these are glands that produce the cannabinoids. These secreted glands also hold the THC and CBD in the marijuana plant. Each strain of cannabis plant will hold a different number of terpenes.

The Hemp Plant

Unlike its stocky, short cousin, this plant is tall and lanky. It is completely durable and could be one of the oldest plants that we know of.

Hemp is part of the cannabis family, but it does not get you intoxicated. It contains an entirely different chemical composition, which is also why it is federally legal to grow.

The coolest thing about hemp plants is that they start out as seeds, which are also technically nuts that you can consume. The hemp seeds have nutritional value, and can be added to salads, smoothies and eaten on their own to boost health. Milk and other food products are made from hemp, as well as industrial materials such as rope and clothing. Hemp plants naturally contain as little as 0.3% THC, so when consumed, you do not get a high.

The anatomy of the hemp plant is almost the same as that of a marijuana plant.

The difference is the stalk or stem of the hemp plant is thick and rough, almost like that of bark on a tree. Before flowering, you will never know which plant is female or male.

In industrial hemp used to create CBD, most plants are either all female or all male. However, when someone is growing hemp on their own, one plant could carry 50% female heads and 50% male heads. This creates a unique looking hemp plant.

The Differences Between Cannabis and CBD

Now that you know the difference between each actual plant, you may be wondering the difference between CBD oils and cannabis oils.

  • Both oils can be used for medicinal purposes. However, cannabis oil will intoxicate someone due to its high THC levels, while CBD contains hardly any THC.
  • Cannabis oil comes from the marijuana plant and contains high levels of THC. 
  • CBD oil can only contain 0.3% THC, and most times, it can be nearly completely strained out, meaning it will in no way impair you. 

For both of these oils, you should consult a doctor before using them. Both CBD and cannabis oil should be used properly and safely. 

Learn more